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The first-officer and the commander have just taken off from an airport and are now on the climb-out. The commander suddenly suffers from a major heart attack, which incapacitates him from performing as a crew member. Fortunately, the first officer is able to land the aircraft by himself. When submitting a report of the occurrence to the CAA, the event will be classified as…

  • A
    A serious incident.
  • B
    A serious injury.
  • C
    An incident.
  • D
    An accident.

ICAO Annex 13
Attachment C. List of examples of Serious Incidents

1. The term "serious incident" is defined in Chapter 1 as follows:

Serious incident. An incident involving circumstances indicating that there was a high probability of an accident and associated with the operation of an aircraft which, in the case of a manned aircraft, takes place between the time any person boards the aircraft with the intention of flight until such time as all such persons have disembarked, or in the case of an unmanned aircraft, takes place between the time the aircraft is ready to move with the purpose of flight until such time as it comes to rest at the end of the flight and the primary propulsion system is shut down.
3. The incidents listed are examples of what may be serious incidents. However, the list is not exhaustive and, depending on the context, items on the list may not be classified as serious incidents if effective defences remained between the incident and the credible scenario.

  • Flight crew incapacitation in flight:
    a) for single pilot operations (including remote pilot); or
    b) for multi-pilot operations for which flight safety was compromised because of a significant increase in workload for the remaining crew.

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