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What phrase shall be used in the event of a disruption of communication for which it has been identified that the receiver is the cause of the malfunction?
  • A
    Blind transmission.
  • B
    Blind emission.
  • C
    Communicating blind due to radio failure.
  • D
    Transmitting blind due to receiver failure.

ICAO Annex 10
Volume II Receiver failure When an aircraft station is unable to establish communication due to receiver failure, it shall transmit reports at the scheduled times, or positions, on the frequency in use, preceded by the phrase “TRANSMITTING BLIND DUE TO RECEIVER FAILURE”. The aircraft station shall transmit the intended message, following this by a complete repetition. During this procedure, the aircraft shall also advise the time of its next intended transmission.

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