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In the northern hemisphere, during deceleration following a landing in an easterly direction, a direct reading magnetic compass indicates:
  • A
    an apparent turn to the south.
  • B
    Out of turn
  • C
    an apparent turn to the north.
  • D
    no apparent turn.
The compass is subject to acceleration/deceleration and turning errors. Therefore, you can only have a precise indication in straight and level flight.
The magnet inside the compass is a pendulous system and is attached to the aircraft at the pivot point. When the aircraft accelerates on a westerly/easterly heading, the magnet will lag behind due to its inertia as the acceleration will act on the magnet’s center of gravity. Therefore, it will momentarily indicate a turn and the heading indication will erroneously change. There will be no error when accelerating/decelerating in a southerly/northerly direction as this will take place in the direction of the Earth’s magnetic flux lines.
An easy way to remember the acceleration errors is by using the acronym ‘ANDS’:
  • AN – Accelerate = apparent turn to the North.
  • DS – Decelerate = apparent turn to the South.

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