- The minimum Magnetic Variation is 0 degrees => along the Agonic Line or line of zero variation; and
The maximum Magnetic Variation is 180 degrees => along a line between the Magnetic North Pole and the Geographic North Pole
In the Arctic, the magnetic variation is largely a result of distance. For example, a compass positioned between the magnetic and the geographical North Pole will point due south, towards the magnetic pole and away from the geographical pole, amounting to a magnetic declination of around 180°.
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