13 / 20

The published holding procedure is:

  • all turns to the right
  • 1 minute outbound
  • inbound Magnetic Track 010°

You are approaching the fix on Magnetic Heading of 030°. Select the appropriate entry procedure:

  • A

    parallel

  • B

    offset

  • C

    either offset or parallel.

  • D

    direct

Refer to figure.

Inbound track is 010º and it is a standard holding (turns to the right).
Note that we are approaching with a heading of 030º => therefore, it will be a sector 3 entry (direct entry)
Outbound track is 190º so when flying towards the fix if we have a heading between

  • 120º-190º (Sector 2) it should be offset entry,
  • 190º-300º (Sector 1) parallel entry,
  • 300º-120º (Sector 3) direct entry.

Read below further information regarding holding entries:
ICAO doc 8168
Part I — Section 6, Chapter 1

  1. 1.4.4 Sector 1 entry

Sector 1 procedure (parallel entry):
a) at the fix, the aircraft is turned left onto an outbound heading for the appropriate period of time (see 1.4.9, “Time/distance outbound”); then
b) the aircraft is turned left onto the holding side to intercept the inbound track or to return to the fix; and then
c) on second arrival over the holding fix, the aircraft is turned right to follow the holding pattern.

  1. 1.4.5 Sector 2 entry

Sector 2 procedure (offset entry):
a) at the fix, the aircraft is turned onto a heading to make good a track making an angle of 30° from the reciprocal of the inbound track on the holding side; then
b) the aircraft will fly outbound:

1) for the appropriate period of time (see 1.4.9, “Time/distance outbound”), where timing is specified; or

2) until the appropriate limiting DME distance is reached, where distance is specified. If a limiting radial is also specified, then the outbound distance is determined either by the limiting DME distance or the limiting radial, whichever comes first;

c) the aircraft is turned right to intercept the inbound holding track; and
d) on second arrival over the holding fix, the aircraft is turned right to follow the holding pattern.

  1. 1.4.6 Sector 3 entry

Sector 3 procedure (direct entry): Having reached the fix, the aircraft is turned right to follow the holding pattern.

Your Notes (not visible to others)



This question has appeared on the real examination, you can find the related countries below.